Out now!

The Leopard, the Lion, and the Cock: Colonial Memories and Monuments in Belgium. Leuven University Press, April 2019. ISBN: 978 94 6270 179 3

“This book is timely and will certainly be a useful contribution to the public debate. It presents, for the first time, an impressive overview of the colonial remnants in the Belgian land- and cityscape.”   Guy Vanthemsche, VUB


European Overseas Empire, 1879-1999: A Short History. Malden, MA: Wiley, April 2018. ISBN: 978-1-119-13011-6

Thousands of years of recorded history show that the main way in which human societies have been organized is as empires. Today, the evidence of recent European overseas empire’s lasting effects is all around us: from international frontiers and fusion cuisine to multiplying apologies for colonial misdeeds. European Overseas Empire, 1879-1999: A Short History explores the major events in this critical period that continue to inform and affect our world today.

Selling the Congo: A History of European Pro-Empire Propaganda and the Making of Belgian Imperialism. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 2011; paperback, 2015. 378 pp.

Available in paperback at Univ. of Nebraska Press and

Selling the Congo is a “fascinating history of Belgium’s 20th-century colonial culture.” (The Wall Street Journal, 3/12/12)

European Empires and the People: Popular Responses to Imperialism in France, Britain, Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, and Italy. With John M. MacKenzie (editor), Giuseppe Finaldi, Bernhard Gissibl, Vincent Kuitenbrouwer, Berny Sèbe. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2011. 233 pp.

European Empires and the People is available in paperback and hardcover at and Manchester University Press.


“Visual Culture.” In The Congo Free State across the Cultures of Fin-de-siècle Europe. Eds. Robert Burroughs, Stephen Donovan, and Sarah de Mul. Under contract with Liverpool University Press. Expected publication 2018.

“Lumumba’s Ghost: A Historiography of Belgian Colonial Culture.” The MacKenzie Moment: Essays Presented to Professor John M. MacKenzie. Eds. Martin Farr and Stephanie Barczewski. Palgrave Macmillan, Britain and the World series. 2019.

Decolonising Europe?: Popular Responses to the End of Empire. With multiple authors, co-edited with Berny Sèbe. Routledge. In progress.


“Revisiting Bula Matari and the Congo Crisis: Successes and Anxieties in Belgium’s Late Colonial State.” Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 46, no. 1 (2018): 144-168.

“‘Il passato (coloniale) non è affatto morto, anzi non è nemmeno passato’: la storia dell’imperialismo, la decolonizzazione e le culture europee dopo il 1945.” Translated by Guido Mattia Gallerani. Special issue of Scritture Migranti: Rivista di Scambi Interculturali, issue “Europa/Europe,” vols. 9-10. 2018.

“Post-1945 Colonial Historiography and the New Imperial History.” In The Colonial Past in History Textbooks: Historical and Social Psychological Perspectives, edited by Karel Van Nieuwenhuyse and Joaquim Pirès, pp. 13-30. International Review of History Education series, Information Age Publishing. Forthcoming 2018. Flyer – The Colonial Past in History Textbooks

“‘Boom! Goes the Congo’: The Rhetoric of Control and Belgium’s Late Colonial State.” In Rhetorics of Empire: Imperial Discourse and the Language of Colonial Conflict after 1900, edited by Martin Thomas and Richard Toye. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2017.

“Après nous, le déluge: Belgium, Decolonization, and the Congo.” In The Oxford Handbook of the Ends of Empire, edited by Martin Thomas and Andrew Thompson. Oxford University Press, online 2017, print 2019.

“Belgian Colonial Rule.” In Oxford Bibliographies in African Studies, edited by Thomas Spear. Revised edition. New York: Oxford University Press, July 2017.

“The colonial past is never dead. It’s not even past: Histories of Empire, Decolonization, and European Cultures after 1945.” Jahrbuch für Europäische Geschichte/European History Yearbook. Invited peer-reviewed 2016 Forum article. December 2016.

“Interwar Crises and Europe’s Unfinished Empires.” In The Oxford Handbook of Europe 1914-1945, edited by Nicholas Doumanis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.

cover.gif“Belgian Empire.” In The Encyclopedia of Empire, edited by John M. MacKenzie. Wiley Blackwell.

“Belgium, the Congo, and Imperial Immobility: A Singular Empire and the Historiography of the Single Analytic Field.” French Colonial History 15 (2014): 87-109.

“Digging-In: The Great War and the Roots of Belgian Empire.” In Empires in World War I: Shifting Frontiers and Imperial Dynamics in a Global Conflict, edited by Andrew Tait Jarboe and Richard S. Fogarty, pp. 23-48. London: I.B. Tauris, 2014.

9780415639873“Violence and Empire: The Curious Case of Belgium and the Congo.” In The Routledge History of Western Empires, edited by Robert Aldrich and Kirsten McKenzie, pp. 454-467 (Abingdon, Oxon, UK: Routledge, 2013).

9782130619284“Vendre le Congo: propagande pro-impériale et fabrique de l’impérialisme belge” In Nouvelle histoire des colonisations européennes (XIXe-XXe siècles): sociétés, cultures, politiques, edited by Amaury Lorin and Christelle Taraud, pp. 53-64. Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 2013.

“Belgian Colonial Rule.” In Oxford Bibliographies in African Studies, edited by Thomas Spear. New York: Oxford University Press. June 2013.

“King Leopold’s Bust: A Story of Monuments, Culture, and Memory in Colonial Europe.” Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History 12, no. 2 (September 2011).

“‘Made in Congo’? On the Question of Colonial Culture in Belgium.” Bibliographic review essay of Congo in België: Koloniale cultuur in de metropool, Vincent Viaene, David Van Reybrouck, and Bambi Ceuppens, editors (Leuven: Universitaire Pers Leuven, 2009). Revue Belge de Philologie et d’Histoire / Belgisch Tijdschrift voor Filologie en Geschiedenis 88 (2010): 1301-1318.

“Interwar Pro-Empire Propaganda and European Colonial Culture: Toward a Comparative Research Agenda.” Journal of Contemporary History, vol. 44, no. 1 (2009): 27-48.

“Imperialists without an Empire: Cercles coloniaux and Colonial Culture in Belgium after 1960.” In The Human Tradition in Modern Europe, edited by Cheryl Koos and Cora Granata, 155-169. The Human Tradition around the World series. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2008.

“Selling the Empire between the Wars: Colonial Expositions in Belgium 1920-1940.” French Colonial History, vol. 6 (2005): 159-178.

“‘Bilan du monde pour un monde plus déshumanisé’: The 1958 Brussels World’s Fair and Belgian Perceptions of the Congo.” European History Quarterly, vol. 35, no. 2 (2005): 267-298.


Response to Roundtable reviews of Selling the Congo: A History of European Pro-Empire Propaganda and the Making of Belgian Imperialism by Matthew G. Stanard (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2011. H-Diplo Roundtable Review. September 2014.

“Alumnus publishes book on Congo.” ROAR: St. John’s International School alumni magazine (winter 2012): 17.

“Culture and International History IV” conference report. Co-authored with Emily Ansari, Jens Barnieck, David Ellwood, Carolin Fischer, Jessica C.E. Gienow-Hecht, Yoko Kawamura, William B. McAllister, Margaret Mehl, Chad Parker, and Jean-Michel Tobelem. Kommunikation und Fachinformation für die Geschichtswissenschaften (H-Soz-u-Kult). 27 April 2010.

“Exposition Universelle d’Anvers 1885.” In Encyclopedia of World’s Fairs and Expositions, edited by John E. Findling and Kimberly D. Pelle, 84-86. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2008.

“Exposition Universelle d’Anvers 1894.” In Encyclopedia of World’s Fairs and Expositions, edited by John E. Findling and Kimberly D. Pelle, 125-127. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2008.

“Exposition Internationale de Bruxelles 1897.” In Encyclopedia of World’s Fairs and Expositions, edited by John E. Findling and Kimberly D. Pelle, 136-139. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2008.

“Exposition Universelle et Internationale de Liège 1905.”In Encyclopedia of World’s Fairs and Expositions, edited by John E. Findling and Kimberly D. Pelle, 178-181. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2008.


Review of European Elites and Ideas of Empire, 1917-1957 by Dina Gusejnova (Cambridge University Press, 2016). H-Empire. November 2018.

Article review of Anne-Sophie Gijs, “Fighting the red peril in the Congo. Paradoxes and perspectives on an equivocal challenge to Belgium and the West (1947-1960),” Cold War History 16: 3: 273-290. H-Diplo article review 696. 11 May 2017.

Review of A Nervous State: Violence, Remedies, and Reverie in Colonial Congo by Nancy Rose Hunt (Duke University Press, 2016). Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 72, no. 2 (Apr. 2017): 236-238.

Review of British Humanitarianism and the Congo Reform Movement, 1896-1913 by Dean Pavlakis (Ashgate, 2015). American Historical Review 122, no. 1 (Feb. 2017): 251-252.

Review of The Burdens of Empire: 1539 to the Present, by Anthony Pagden (Cambridge, 2015). H-Empire. September 2016.

Review of Battleground Africa: Cold War in the Congo, 1960-1965 by Lise Namikas (Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2013). American Historical Review 120, no. 5 (Dec. 2015): 2012-13.

Review of Emanuele Saccarelli and Latha Varadarajan, Imperialism Past and Present (New York: Oxford University Press, 2015). H-Empire. 10 December 2015.

“Culture, Colonies, and the Capital: Paris, the Black Atlantic, and Empire’s Effects on France.” Review essay on Colonial Culture in France since the Revolution, Pascal Blanchard, Sandrine Lemaire, Nicolas Bancel, and Dominic Thomas editors (Indiana University Press, 2014) and Paris, Capital of the Black Atlantic: Literature, Modernity, and Diaspora, Jeremy Braddock and Jonathan P. Eburne (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013). History: Reviews of New Books. January 2015.

Review of Divided Rule: Sovereignty and Empire in French Tunisia, 1881-1938 by Mary Dewhurst Lewis (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2014). H-Diplo Roundtable Review. September 2014.

Review of Curating Empire: Museums and the British Imperial Experience, Sarah Longair and John McAleer, editors (Manchester: University of Manchester Press, 2012). Journal of British Studies 53, no. 1 (2014): 248-9.

Review of Violence and Colonial Order: Police, Workers, and Protest in the European Colonial Empires, 1918-40 by Martin Thomas (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012). H-Diplo Roundtable Review XV, no. 5 (September 2013): 19-23.

Review of Dancing in the Glory of Monsters: The Collapse of the Congo and the Great War of Africa by Jason K. Stearns (PublicAffairs, 2011). H-Empire ( June 2012.

Review of Patrimoine d’Afrique centrale, Archives films: Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, 1912-1960, Patricia van Schuylenbergh and Mathieu Zana Aziza Etambala, editors (Tervuren: Royal Museum for Central Africa, 2010). Revue Belge de Philologie et d’Histoire / Belgisch Tijdschrift voor Filologie en Geschiedenis 90, no. 2 (2012): 605-607.

Review of African Agency and European Colonialism: Latitudes of Negotiation and Containment, Femi J. Kolapo and Kwabena O. Akurang-Parry, editors (Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 2007). H-French Colonial ( November 2009.

Review of La Belgique et le Congo: Empreintes d’une colonie 1885-1980 by Guy Vanthemsche (Brussels: Complexe, 2007). Ex Plus Ultra. ( September 2009.

Review of Napoleon’s Egypt: Invading the Middle East by Juan Cole (Palgrave Macmillan, 2007). H-French Colonial ( June 2009.

Review of Murder in Marrakesh: Émile Mauchamp and the French Colonial Adventure by Jonathan Katz (Indiana University Press, 2006). H-French Colonial ( April 2008.

Review of That Sweet Enemy: The French & British from The Sun King to the Present by Robert and Isabelle Tombs (Knopf, 2007). History News Network ( February 2007.